Civilization

637 – “I trust the time is nigh when, with the universal assent of civilized people, all international differences shall be determined without resort to arms by the benignant processes of civilization.”

–Chester A Arthur, 21st President of the United States of America
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576 – “General education is the best preventive of the evils now most dreaded. In the civilized countries of the world, the question is how to distribute most generally and equally the property of the world. As a rule, where education is most general the distribution of property is most general…. As knowledge spreads, wealth spreads. To diffuse knowledge is to diffuse wealth. To give all an equal chance to acquire knowledge is the best and surest way to give all an equal chance to acquire property.”

–Rutherford B Hayes, 19th President of the United States of America
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96 – “Our nation was born in genocide when it embraced the doctrine that the original American, the Indian, was an inferior race. Even before there were large numbers of Negroes on our shores, the scar of racial hatred had already disfigured colonial society. From the sixteenth century forward, blood flowed in battles of racial supremacy. We are perhaps the only nation which tried as a matter of national policy to wipe out its Indigenous population. Moreover, we elevated that tragic experience into a noble crusade. Indeed, even today we have not permitted ourselves to reject or feel remorse for this shameful episode. Our literature, our films, our drama, our folklore all exalt it.”

Martin Luther King Jr

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79 – “Una ciudad avanzada no es una en la que hasta los pobres tienen auto, sino una en la que incluso los ricos usan el transporte público.”

“An advanced city is not one where even the poor use cars, but rather one where even the rich use public transport.”

– Enrique Peñalosa Londoño, 793rd and 798th Mayor of Bogotá (Bottom)

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